The word fitrana has originated from the word ‘fitr’ which means to break or split. In Ramadan, Iftar means the breaking of fast in the evening. So in this context, Fitrana is given at the breaking of last fast and before the eid ul fitr prayer. We are going to address your question is there any fitrana for Eid ul adha.
You give fitrana to assist those who are in adversity and and they deserve your help to celebrate the festivities of Eid ul Fitr. This payment ensures that all the believers of Islam celebrate the festival of breaking of fast regardless of their social class. Fitrana is paid at the end Of Ramadan. On the other hand, on the occasion of Eid ul Adha, meat is distributed among the poor and needy. No fitrana is paid on Eid ul Adha.
Fitrana for Eid ul Fitr:
According to Hadith, fitrana is paid at the end of fasting month in order to gain spiritual purification for a person who might have committed some unintended sin or error.
Ibn e Abbas reported that Prophet (PBUH) said:
“Zakat al fiter is obligatory on those who fast to shield them from any indecent act or speech, and to help the needy.” (Abu Dawood)
Fitrana for Eid ul Adha:
As you know that Eid ul Adha is a time when muslims offer sacrifice of animals to commemorate the sacrifice of Ibrahim. The spirit of charity is important in Islam. Muslims in many parts of the world give the money of sacrifice as donations to help the people who live in extreme poverty. It is a form of charity different from Fitrana. In Quran and Hadith, fitrana has been made compulsory only at the end of Ramadan. There is no mention of paying fitrna on Eid ul Adha.
Anas bin Malik reported that, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said:
“The fasting of the month of Ramadan will be hanging between earth and heavens and it will not be raised up unless the charity of fitar is paid”.
This hadith again highlights the importance of fitrana on Eid ul Fitr only. Thus the question if there is any fitrana for Eid shows that there is no concept of fitra for Eid ul Adha