Muslims fast during the month of Ramadan. Various different instances mentioned Ramadan in Quran.
As you know that Ramadan is the most sacred month for the muslims. Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:
“When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of hell are closed and devil is chained.”Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
Holy Quran was revealed to Holy Prophet (PBUH) during this month on the night of Laylat ul Qadar. Moreover, the importance of Ramadan can be gauged from the fact that fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam. As you all know that Ramadan is the ninth month of the lunar calendar and during this month muslims abstain from food, drink and all other forbidden activities from dawn to sunset. There is one verse in Quran in which the word Ramadan is mentioned. However, there are many other verses about fasting in the Holy Quran.
How many times Ramadan mentioned in quran?
In Quran, Ramadan is mentioned only once with the name “Ramadan”. However, there are multiple verses that describes Ramadan and its etiquettes.
1: Ramadan the month of Holy Quran
In Surah Al Baqra Verse no 185, word Ramadan has been clearly used for the month of fasting. God says in this verse:
“The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which the Quran was revealed, guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey – then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.”Surah Al Baqra; verse 185
In this verse of Holy Quran, it has been visibly mentioned that Quran was revealed in this month. Quran is a holy document revealed on Prophet (PBUH). This is a clear guideline for the muslims. It has guidance on each and every aspect of life ranging from political to economic and from social to religious values it offers a complete code of life. In this verse fasting has been mentioned as obligatory on Muslims with few exceptions. For example if you are ill or are in a state of journey, then you are given an exemption, but you are being advised to keep the fast after the journey or after recovering from the illness. God is very kind to his creatures. He does not afflict us with suffering but he has provided us with ease to fulfill our duty without any hardship.
2: Fasting and righteousness:
In surah al baqrah verse no 182, fasting has been decreed upon the believers.
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.”Surah al baqrah verse no 182
The main goal of fasting is to achieve righteousness. It is a spiritual journey of mind and heart. The purpose of fasting is to inculcate the spirit of Taqwa in us. It is a kind of guard that protects us from evil things. Uthman ibn e abi al A’as, the companion of the Holy Prophet has reported following words from him:
“Fasting is a shield from the hellfire.”Hadith
By refraining from food, sins and evil thoughts, a believer attains taqwa or righteousness. In order to achieve taqwa through fasting, arrogance and vanity must be avoided. In order to avoid this, Messenger of God said:
“If someone curses you or acts foolish against you then tell them, “I am fasting.”
This self restraint and control invokes the spirit of righteousness among the muslims. It helps you in overcoming anger. Fasting makes you kind and generous towards the hungry and destitute. All these virtues are very dear in the eyes of Allah.
3: Conditions in which fast is exempted:
In Surah al baqrah verse no 184, the conditions in which fast is exempted are explained in the following verse.
“[Fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] – then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] – a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess – it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.”Surah al baqrah verse no 184
In this verse, there is an obvious indication of the conditions in which fast is exempted. When a person is ill or is on a journey, he or she must complete the number of days after the recovery from illness or on the completion of journey. If you do not have the physical strength to keep fast, then you must feed a poor person on each day. If you can volunteer more, it is more favorable in the eyes of God. Ramadan in Quran is clearly mentioned and it highlights that fast is better for you, if you have the strength then you must observe it.
4: Laylat ul qadar:
Laylat ul qadar or the night of decree is one of the biggest gifts of Ramadan. On this blessed night of Ramadan, worshipping is better than worshipping on thousand nights.
According to Hadith, narrated by ibn e Abbas:
“Seek it in the last ten days of Ramadan, when there are nine days left, and seven days left, and five days left.”(Bukhari)
In the Holy Quran there is a complete chapter called as Al Qadar about this blessed night. Following verse is mentioned in Quran about Ramadan regarding Ramadan in Quran.
“Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree. And what can make you know what the Night of Decree is? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.”
The significance of fasting and laylat ul qadar is evident from the following hadith. Abu Hurrairah the companion of Holy Prophet is reported to have narrated that:
“He who fasts during Ramadan with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven; he who prays during the night in Ramadan with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven; and he who passes Lailat al- Qadr in prayer with faith and seeks his reward from Allah will have his past sins forgiven.”(Bukhari)
In this way Ramadan is a perfect gift of God for you. It makes us righteous, and disciplined. A month of blessing for all the Muslims, it makes us kind, generous and tolerant. So, make sure to gather all the blessings of this month in the best possible manner.